Further points to note
Occasionally it is not possible to identify the author(s) of a
work. In this case use the title of the book instead of the
author's name, followed by the date.
If you cannot determine a date of publication use n.d.,
placing it in the brackets as you would with a date.
- White [n.d] found that... or
- (White, [n.d.])
If the source is cited in another book but you have not actually
seen the original, for the in-text citation you should cite both
the original source and the secondary source where you found the
- In text citation:
- Copeau (quoted in Gordon, 2006, p.122) declares that 'new
dramatic forms will come from new ways of living, thinking and
- Full reference:
- In the reference list at the end of the assignment you need
only include a reference for Gordon, as you have not looked at the
original source by Copeau, but have read about it in Gordon's
- Gordon, L. (2006) Drama in the 20th century.
- It is always better to consult the original source of your
material to avoid the inaccurate interpretation of material.
- Secondary referencing should only be used when access to the
original source is not available.
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