How to refer to written sources in your work: quoting,
paraphrasing and summarising
Written material which isn't your own can be included in your
work in three ways:
Whichever one of these you choose to do, for each source you
will need to provide both an in text citation and
a corresponding entry in your reference list.
Further points to note
Read the example below. Then look at the ways in which it could
be quoted, paraphrased or summarised:
- The Internet had its origin in 1969, when the computers of
government, scientific and military bodies were linked. Academic
and commercial bodies joined later, and eventually people began to
produce information only for the Internet rather than in paper form
there are even novels that are accessible only via the Net.
The Internet connects computers from all over the world, and
enables you to communicate by computer directly with people in
other countries. There is no owner or central executive for the
Internet: it is just a wide, interconnecting set of computers, with
some organizations which try to keep it running smoothly.
Cottrell, S.M. (2008) The study skills handbook. 3rd ed.
Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan
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