A summary is also a kind of indirect quotation, but it will be
much shorter than the original text as it only includes the key
points. It is possible to summarise the information or ideas in a
paragraph, article, chapter or even a whole book. As with
paraphrasing, a summary must be written in your own
words and a full citation is needed, but no page number.
The following examples summarise two different aspects of the
- Cottrell (2008) describes how the Internet began in the late
1960s and today links computers all over the world, without the
need for a central regulatory body.
- The inception of the Internet in 1969 began a move away from
paper-based information (Cottrell, 2008).
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