The footnote-endnote system
Footnotes/endnotes are numbered consecutively within a paper or
special study chapter.
Ideally, footnotes should appear on the page to which they
refer. If this is impossible, references should be placed together
at the end of the paper (being then known as endnotes).
The first time each work is cited the reference must be
complete: it must include all the information necessary to locate
the source easily. Although not every entry will include all the
items listed, the order should be maintained regardless of the
absence of certain information.
Once a work has been referred to, a cue-title will usually
suffice thereafter. Ibid. (meaning 'in the same place'),
in italics or underlined, should be used only when referring to the
same source as in the note immediately above; op. cit.
(meaning 'the work cited') may be used for a second and subsequent
reference, provided that there are not two cited works by the same
author – it must, in any case, be preceded by the author's name
(usually the surname alone being adequate).
If you use a quotation from a secondary source (either the whole
quotation or part of it), and you have not checked the original
yourself, you should state in your reference note 'as quoted
by/in', and provide the appropriate details.
The bibliography should include all useful works consulted, with
date and place of publication.
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