Dr Chisato Danjo

Programme Lead: East Asian Languages & Senior Lecturer in Japanese and Linguistics

School of Languages & Linguistics

E: c.danjo@yorksj.ac.uk

T: 01904 876822

Picture of Chisato Danjo smiling with her arms crossed.

PhD (Northumbria, UK), MA (Birmingham, UK), BEd (Osaka Kyoiku, Japan)

Fellow of the Higher Education Academy

I completed a Bachelor in Education at Osaka Kyoiku University in Japan (2006), and then worked in a Japanese municipal primary school as a classroom teacher.  In Japan, the new curriculum was about to commence and would see the widespread teaching of English at primary school level. This was what inspired me to come to the UK to study for an MA TEFL in Education at the University of Birmingham (2010-11).

During the MA TEFL studies I became interested in the interrelations between language, culture and identity and the ways we use language in our social lives, i.e. language as social practice. This interest led me to engage in further study at doctoral level. I was awarded a fully-funded PhD studentship in Linguistics at Northumbria University, and conducted the PhD project, “A Critical Ethnographic Inquiry into the Negotiation of Language Practices among Japanese Multilingual Families in the UK: Discourse, Language Use and Perceptions in the Hoshuko and the Family Home” (2011-15).

Alongside the PhD study, I worked at Northumbria University as an Associate Lecturer for 4 years (2013-16). I joined York St John University in Sep 2016 as a Lecturer in Japanese and Linguistics, and I am currently teaching Japanese language from beginner to advanced level for Undergraduate programmes, and Japanese linguistics for MA Japanese Language Teaching.

My research interests are in the area of sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, and educational linguistics, especially on the topics of multilingualism, language policy and practice, family language planning and maintenance, and language issues relating to culture and identity. I am also interested in language users’ perception and belief of language use, and the ways in which those have an impact on their language practices.

Areas of expertise: multilingualism, language policy and practice, family language planning and maintenance, language issues relating to culture and identity, linguistic ethnography, critical discourse analysis, interactional sociolinguistics.

External Links

Chisato Danjo Academic Papers

Further Information


I’m teaching Japanese language from beginner to advanced levels:

  • BA: Japanese Beginner
  • BA: Japanese Continuation
  • BA: Japanese Intermediate 1 / Japanese Intermediate 2
  • BA: Japanese Advanced 1 / Japanese Advanced 2
  • BA: Japanese Proficiency

I also teach some linguistics modules, including both undergraduate and postgraduate levels, such as:

  • BA (level 4): Introduction to English Language and Linguistics
  • BA (level 4): Introduction to Language and Society
  • MA (level 7): Themes in Japanese Linguistics
  • MA (level 7): Japanese Language Teaching Methodology (B)



The following are the modules I taught in the past (including the previous institution):

  • BA (level 5): Language and Society [module director]
  • BA (level 5): Discourse Analysis [module director]
  • BA (level 4): Introduction to TESOL classrooms [module director]
  • BA (level 4): Introduction to Language and Literature [module director]
  • BA (level 5): Approaches to Language Study
  • BA (level 4): Understanding English Grammar
  • MA (level 7): Investigating Language for TESOL

Professional Activities

  • Member of Language and Identities in InterAction (LIdIA) research unit, School of Languages and Linguistics, York St John University
  • Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, UK.
  • Member, British Association for Applied Linguistics (BAAL)
  • Member, British Association for Teaching Japanese as a Foreign Language (BATJ)
  • Project Member of National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics [NINJAL] 国立国語研究所

Research & Publications


Danjo, C (2018) 'Making sense of family language policy: Japanese-English bilingual children's creative and strategic translingual practices,' International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, doi.org/10.1080/13670050.2018.1460302
Eprint available at Taylor & Francis online (limited availability)

Danjo, C (2017) Reflecting on My Positionality as a Multilingual Researcher. In Jean Conteh (Ed.), Researching Education for Social Justice in Multilingual Settings. London: Bloomsbury (pp. 105-119).

Danjo, C (2014) Complementary Schools in the Global Age: Tackling the Diversification of Students’ Background. In B. O’Rourke, N. Bermingham & S. Brennan (Eds.), Opening New Lines of Communication in Applied Linguistics: Proceedings of the 46th Annual Meeting of the British Association for Applied Linguistics, Heriot-Watt University, 5-7 September 2013 (pp. 127-132). London: Scitsiugnil Press



Danjo (2018, 20 June) “Why it’s okay for bilingual children to mix languages,” The Conversation (UK), available online at https://theconversation.com/why-its-okay-for-bilingual-children-to-mix-languages-97448

This article has been featured at various media such as:

Danjo (2018, 26 June) “Why it’s a sign of creativity when bilingual children mix languages: for multilingual Children, shifting languages can be a strategic social tool,” The Independent, available online at https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/linguistics/creativity-bilingual-language-learning-parenting-a8410246.html

Danjo (2018, 28 June) “Bilingüismo: los idiomas, mejor revueltos,” The Conversation (Español), available online at https://theconversation.com/bilinguismo-los-idiomas-mejor-revueltos-98825

Danjo (2018, 2 July) “Why it's important to encourage children to be bilingual,” Capetalk Radio (567AM): Breakfast with Kieno Kammies (South Africa), available online at http://www.capetalk.co.za/articles/309934/why-it-s-important-to-encourage-children-to-be-bilingual




Danjo, C (2018) Invited panel speaker, “The Current Trend of the Curriculum of Japanese Studies Degree Courses” at JF/BAJS/BATJ Spring Symposium on (Re)defining and Promoting Japanese Studies in UK [May 2018], Regent's University London

Danjo, C (2018) Invited lecture, “Making sense of family language policy: Japanese-English Bilingual children’s creative and strategic translingual practices” at Languages and Linguistics Colloquium Series, York St John University, York, UK

Danjo, C (2016) Invited public lecture series, “Children Living in Multilingual Environment: Going beyond the Framework of Japanese vs English” (2 lecture series in Japanese; one for teacher, the other for parents) at North East of England Japanese Saturday School, Tyne and Wear, UK

Danjo, C (2013) Open public lecture, “Learning Mother’s-tongue in Father’s-land: Bilingual Children’s Creative Use of Language,” at Northumbria Summer Speaker Series, The Literary & Philosophical Society, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK



Danjo, C (2018) “Empirical exploration of 'translanguaging': multilingual children's creative language strategies at home” at Translation and Translanguaging: Communication in the Multilingual City, University of Birmingham, UK

Danjo, C (2017) “The Emerging Space of Multilingual and Multicultural Learning and Acceptance in a Japanese Complementary School in the UK: Situated Practices Going Beyond Nationalistic Ideologies” at Oxford Ethnography and Education Conferences, New College, University of Oxford, UK

Danjo, C (2017) “Multilingual parents’ dilemmas in multilingual childrearing: exploring the gap between discourse and social reality” at 50th Annual Meeting of the British Association for Applied Linguistics: Opportunities, Challenges, Questions, University of Leeds, UK 

Danjo, C (2015) “Unacknowledged Language Practices in a Global Age: An Analysis of Institutional Policies, and Individual Practices and Perceptions” (presented at the Linguistic Ethnography Forum) at 48th Annual Meeting of the British Association for Applied Linguistics: Breaking Theory, Aston University, Birmingham, UK

Danjo, C (2014) “Necessity and challenges of multilingual practices for international marriage families: Language policies at home, mainstream school, and complementary school” (Invited at the colloquium, “Spaces where family and institutional language policies meet – Challenges and frictions”), at Sociolinguistic Symposium 20, University of Jyväskylä, Finland

Danjo, C (2013) “Complementary Schools in the Global Age: Tackling the Diversification of Students’ Background” at 46th Annual Meeting of the British Association for Applied Linguistics: The Impact of Applied Linguistics, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK

Danjo, C (2013) “Bilingual Children’s Creative Use of Linguistic Resources: Beyond Dichotomic Views” at Language and Super-diversity: Explorations and interrogations, University of Jyväskylä, Finland

Danjo, C (2013) “Exploring identity construction process in early childhood: ‘It might be my ego for our children to be bilinguals’” at I-mean 3: Identity and Language Conference, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK

Danjo, C (2012) “Who am I for my participants?: Participants’ negotiation of a Researcher’s Position” (poster presentation), at Research seminar: Researching language in education in diverse, twenty-first century classrooms, University of Edinburgh, UK

Danjo, C (2012) “Invaluableness of Discursive Data: The Benefits of Ethnographic approach for Understanding Complex Aspects of Identity” (poster presentation) at 4th conference of Explorations in Ethnography, Language and Communication: Analysis and impact in Linguistic Ethnography, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

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