Professor of Applied Linguistics | Lead, LIdIA Research Unit
BA (Newcastle), MA (York), PhD (Southern California), FHEA
Lead, LIdIA Research Unit
I started my life in linguistics at Newcastle University as an student of English Language and continued as an MA student in Language at the University of York. After completing my PhD in linguistics at USC in Los Angeles in 1987, I moved south to Mexico, where I lived and worked for 20 years. I spent most of my time there teaching in (and directing) the MA in Applied Linguistics at the University of the Americas Puebla (UDLAP), on the other side of the Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl volcanoes from Mexico City. At UDLAP I also served as Head of the Department of Languages and Coordinator of Research and Postgraduate Studies for the School of Humanities. In 2007 I joined York St John University, returning to the country (and county) of my birth. Here, I do teaching, research, and scholarship in areas of applied and general linguistics which touch on multiple Englishes in individual minds and/or in social groups.
Most of my research, writing, and teaching has been motivated by a desire to understand how the mental and social realities of language fit together, and a conviction that only by fully acknowledging both realities can we hope to do effective general and applied linguistics. My first book, Morphology and Mind, sought to unite formal and functional explanations for universal patterns of word structure by stressing the intimate connection between language acquisition, use, and historical change. In An Introduction to Language and Linguistics. Breaking the Language Spell, I presented a unifying account of the dual social and mental nature of human language. In Mapping Applied Linguistics. A Guide for Students and Practitioners, my co-authors and I surveyed the field within a framework which stresses how language problems can only be solved by taking seriously the social and cognitive realities of individual language users and groups of users in their local contexts.
My empirical research has always been focused on the word level, especially in learners and/or speakers of more than one language. In a series of studies I conducted during my time overseas, I developed and tested a model of the initial development of the multilingual mental lexicon (the Parasitic Model). Since my return to the UK I’ve been exploring the nature of non-native Englishes within a combined socio-cognitive framework. In line with this 'plurilithic' view of English, I have: looked at lexical variation in users of English in lingua franca contexts; critiqued linguists'/applied linguists' ontologies of English; explored ways of raising teachers' awareness of plurilithic Englishes; and investigated the idiolectal nature of L2 English users’ lexico-grammatical resources.
I teach in the following programmes:
- BA in English Language and Linguistics
- MA in Applied Linguistics: TESOL
I lead the Language and Identities in InterAction (LIdIA) research unit, based in the School of Languages and Linguistics, and oversee research student affairs in the School.
I am the author of Morphology and Mind (Routledge, 1992; re-released 2014); An Introduction to Language and Linguistics. Breaking the Language Spell (Continuum, 2005); and (with Patrick H. Smith and Rachel Wicaksono) Mapping Applied Linguistics. A Guide for Students and Practitioners (Routledge, 2011). I am a co-author of the second edition ofIntroducing Language in Use (Routledge, 2014), with Patrick Griffiths, Aileen Bloomer and Andrew Merrison.
As part of a project to encourage collaboration between language professionals working in different areas of applied linguistics, I have created an online space for discussion and resource sharing: mappling.com. I am also co-author (with Rachel Wicaksono) of Changing Englishes: An Interactive Course for Teachers, an online resource to raise awareness of 'plurilithic' (non-monolithic) approaches to language learning and use, with support from the British Council.
Membership in academic and professional organisations:
- British Association for Applied Linguistics
- International Association of Applied Linguistics
- International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language
- MEXTESOL (Mexican Association of Teachers of English)
I am Reviews editor for BAAL News, the newsletter of the British Association for Applied Linguistics.
- Hall, C. J., Smith. P. H. & Wicaksono, R. (Forthcoming).Mapping applied linguistics. A guide for students and practitioners (2nd ). London and New York: Routledge.
- Merrison, A. J., Griffiths, P., Bloomer, A. & Hall, C. J. (2014).Introducing language in use (2nd ). London and New York: Routledge.
- Hall, C. J., Smith. P. H. & Wicaksono, R. (2011).Mapping applied linguistics. A guide for students and practitioners. London and New York: Routledge.
- Hall, C. J. (2005).An introduction to language and linguistics. Breaking the language spell. London and New York: Continuum.
- Hall, C. J. (1992).Morphology and mind. A unified approach to explanation in linguistics. London and New York: Routledge.
Recent articles, book chapters, and reports
- Hall, C. J., Joyce, J. and Robson, C. (2016). Investigating the lexico-grammatical resources of a non-native user of English: the case of can and could in email requests. Applied Linguistics Review. doi:10.1515/applirev-2016-1001
- Hall, C. J., O’Brien, D. and the LIdIA Policy Forum (2015).Making higher education more Deaf-friendly. LIdIA Position Statement and Position Paper 01. York: York St John University. Available online at: yorksj.ac.uk/lidia/policy.
- Hall, C. J., Wicaksono, R., Liu, S., Qian, Y. and Xu, X. (2015). Exploring teachers’ ontologies of English. Monolithic conceptions of grammar in a group of Chinese teachers.International Journal of Applied Linguistics. doi: 10.1111/ijal.12107.
- Hall, C. J. (2014). Moving beyond accuracy: from tests of English to tests of ‘Englishing’.ELT Journal, 68, 4, 376-385.
- Ecke, P. and Hall, C. J. (2014). The Parasitic Model of L2 and L3 vocabulary acquisition: evidence from naturalistic and experimental studies.Fórum Linguístico, 11, 3, 360-372.
- Hall, C. J. (2013). Cognitive contributions to plurilithic views of English and other languages.Applied Linguistics, 34, 211-231.
- Hall, C. J., Schmidtke, D. & Vickers, J. (2013). Countability in world Englishes.World Englishes, 32, 1, 1-22.
- Hall, C. J., Wicaksono, R., Liu, S., Qian, Y. and Xiaoqing, X. (2013).English reconceived: Raising teachers' awareness of English as a ‘plurilithic’ resource through an online course. British Council ELT Research Papers, 13–05. Online at http://tinyurl.com/halletal2013.
- Ecke, P. and Hall, C. J. (2013). Tracking tip-of-the-tongue states in a multilingual speaker: Evidence of attrition or instability in lexical systems?International Journal of Bilingualism, 17, 6, 734-751.
Recent lectures and conference talks
Plenary addresses, keynote addresses and invited talks
- The myth of ‘Planet English’ (Inaugural professorial lecture). Go York Lecture Series, York St John University, May 2016.
- From monolithic accuracy to plurilithic usage: Reconceptualizing grammar for English teacher education (Invited lecture). Centre for Language Education Research, University of Leeds, April 2016.
- Conceptualising L2 user English. Evidence from a corpus analysis of one individual’s usage (Invited lecture). Kuwait University, Kuwait, March 2016.
- What kind of English do learners come to know and use? A usage-based analysis of a tiny fragment of one individual’s L2 English grammar (Keynote address). York St John Postgraduate Forum on Applied Linguistics, York St John University, January 2016.
- Ontologies of grammar for TESOL: A usage-based perspective (Invited lecture). English Language Teaching and Research Seminar Series, University of Stirling, October 2015.
- Ontologies of (‘the’ English) language for learning, teaching, and assessment(Keynote address). BAAL/CUP Seminar ‘(De)Constructing Englishes. Exploring the implications of ontologies of the language for learning, teaching, and assessment’, June 2015.
- Reconceptualising grammar for a pedagogy of global Englishes. (Invited lecture). Centre for Global Englishes, University of Southampton, April 2015.
- Learning (and losing) words in second languages. Parasitic connections in the multilingual mental lexicon(Invited lectures). (a) Soochow University, China; (b) Suzhou University of Science and Technology, China; and (c) Nanchang University College of Science and Technology, China; April 2015.
- The lemma as lexical hub: Parasitic connections in the multilingual lexicon(Invited lecture). Lexical Studies Conference, Cardiff University, February 2015.
- A ‘plurilithic’ approach to English. Implications for EAL in UK schools(Invited lecture, with Rachel Wicaksono). 5thNational Association for Language Development in the Curriculum (NALDIC) Yorkshire and Humberside Regional Interest Group meeting, York, February 2014.
- Testing Englishes(Keynote address). 40th National Conference of the Mexican Association of Teachers of English (MEXTESOL), Querétaro, Mexico, November 2013.
- Teaching Englishes(Plenary address). 40th National Conference of the Mexican Association of Teachers of English (MEXTESOL), Querétaro, Mexico, November 2013.
- Changing Englishes for intercultural communication(Plenary address). 15th International Conference of the Lithuanian Association of Teachers of English (LAKMA), Vilnius, Lithuania, October 2013.
- Changing Englishes and teachers’ conceptions of English(Invited seminar). British Council Seminar Series, Manchester, May 2013. [Online at: http://tinyurl.com/hallseminar].
- From monolithic accuracy to plurilithic usage: Reconceptualizing grammar for English teacher education. Annual Conference of the American Association for Applied Linguistics, Orlando, USA, April 2016.
- Investigating the dynamic lexico-grammatical resources of a non-native user of English using a longitudinal corpus(with Jack Joyce and Chris Robson). British Association of Applied Linguistics Annual Conference, University of Warwick, September 2014.
- Engaging teachers with ELF as individual and social construction.6th International Conference of English as a Lingua Franca, Rome, Italy, September 2013. (Paper in the Special Symposium on ELF as Individual and Social Construction, organised by Kurt Kohn, University of Tübingen, Germany.)
- Changing Englishes and conceptions of English in a globalizing world: teachers’ experiences using an online course(with Rachel Wicaksono). Annual Conference of the American Association for Applied Linguistics, Dallas, USA, March 2013.
- Reconciling beliefs about form and function in ELF for English teachers.5th International Conference of English as a Lingua Franca, Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey, May 2012. (Paper in the Special Symposium on Approaching Complexity in ELF Research, organised by Robert Baird, University of Southampton.)
- Challenging monolithic models of English. An online tutorial. 46thAnnual Conference of the International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language, Glasgow, March 2012.