Dr Gregory L. Carter

Gregory Carter

I joined York St John University and the Psychology department in the 2015-2016 academic year, and teach across a range of first and second semester modules in the Psychology BSc and MSc programmes. My interests fall broadly under evolutionary psychology – more details can be found under the other tabs.

I can also be found on Twitter: @glkfc


Academic qualifications

PhD in Psychology, University of Durham

Areas of research: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, Psychopathy (The Dark Triad); Mating strategies; Competition; Interpersonal behaviour; Personality measurement; Evolutionary psychology; Social psychology

Thesis title: Deep into that darkness, peering: A series of studies on the Dark Triad personality constellation

MSc (Merit grades) degree in Developmental Psychopathology, University of Durham

Covering a range of disorders from a probabilistic epigenetic perspective.

Dissertation title: The Ageing Narcissus: Just a myth? An exploration of sub-clinical narcissism and loneliness in relation to age

BSc degree (honours) in Psychology, University of Durham

Specific focus on Social, Developmental and Evolutionary Psychology.

Dissertation title: The relationship between gender and overt and covert narcissism

Further Information

Teaching

Semester 1:

3PY417 Dark Personalities and Clinical Disorders

3PY353 Evolutionary Psychology

3PY340 Dissertation

Semester 2:

1PY406 Personality and Individual Differences (Module Director)

2PY403 Assessment Individual Differences

3PY340 Dissertation

MPY100 Psychological Research Methods

MPH305 AHP Workplace Stress and Resilience (MSc)

Research

Having been initially interested in Narcissism, for my Undergraduate and Master’s dissertations I explored the relationship between Narcissism and gender, and later, Narcissism’s potentially adaptive benefits. Both led me to expand my work to the Dark Triad, the collective term for the three related, yet distinct, sub-clinical traits of Narcissism, Machiavellianism and Psychopathy.

In the years since the concept was first brought to academic attention (Paulhus & Williams, 2002), the Dark Triad of sub-clinical narcissism, Machiavellianism and Psychopathy has attracted a great deal of attention, predominantly from an evolutionary and social psychological perspective.

My research addresses these traits as a collective, but also assesses their key differences, since whilst they overlap, they are distinct constructs, and this is reflected in their correlates and outcomes. My work to date has considered how they relate to issues including attractiveness (i.e., the “bad boy” appeal - but see below), mating strategies and preferences, competitiveness - sexual and general - impulsivity, and interpersonal relationships, as well as broader issues such as the traits’ relationship with sporting preferences, and, latterly, their relationship with media and video game habits, workplace behaviours, and political orientation/ambition.

Crucially, I am interested in both “bad boys” and “bad girls”, to use colloquial terminology, and my work aims to bring attention to the manifestation of these traits in women, as well as in men. I believe the sex differences in these traits (men typically score higher for them) have enabled an androcentric perspective to prevail, at times, and I wish to counter this.

Finally, I am interested in the methods used to assess these traits, and have previously applied lesser-known analyses to this issue, both in respect of establishing sex- and age-equivalent inventories and translated inventories.

If you would like to learn more about my work to date, you can find me, and copies of my papers, on ResearchGate, email me, or make an appointment to speak with me directly. I would be happy to consider dissertation proposals or collaborative work on any of the above topics, or other subjects under the broad heading of evolutionary psychology and individual differences.

Professional Activities

Research presented at:

The Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Newcastle University, UK, 2012;

North-Eastern Evolutionary Psychology Society, Plymouth State University, USA, 2012;

International Society for Human Ethology, University of Vienna, Austria, 2012;

North-Eastern Evolutionary Psychology Society, Lebanon Valley College, USA, 2013;

Canadian Psychological Association, Quebec, Canada, 2013;

North-Eastern Evolutionary Psychology Society, Suffolk University, 2015.

North-Eastern Evolutionary Psychology Society, St Mary's University, Halifax, Canada, 2016;

Human Behaviour and Evolutionary Society, Vancouver, Canada, 2016;

International Society for Human Ethology, Stirling, Scotland, 2016.

Invited guest speaker, Liverpool University, November 2016; November 2017

Invited symposium speaker, International Society for the Study of Individual Differences, Warsaw, Poland, 2017

Ad-hoc reviewer for:

Evolutionary Psychology

Frontiers

Current Issues in Personality Psychology

Journal of Social and Personal Relationships

Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sport

Personality and Individual Differences

Comprehensive Psychiatry

Evolution and Human Behavior

SAGE Publications

Gregory has been asked to contribute to programmes or articles for BBC Radio 4, The Washington Post, Channel 4, Men’s Health Magazine, WellWed Magazine, Fuscia Magazine, and NBC News.

Gregory is available for media contact regarding:

The Dark Triad: narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy

Gender differences

Relationships

Evolutionary psychology

Publications

Book chapters:

Carter, G. L. (2017). Sex differences in human mate preferences (Buss, 1989). In G. Brewer (Ed.), The Encyclopaedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science.

Carter, G. L. & Fisher, M. L. (2017). Conclusion. In M. L. Fisher (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Women and Competition.

Douglass, M. D. D. & Carter, G. L. (2017) Prostitution. In R. D. Morgan (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopaedia of Criminal Psychology.

Journal articles:

Personality Trait Expression and the Proliferation of Short-Term Relationships through Tinder.

Vaughan, R., Laborde, S., & Carter, G. L. (Under review). Negativistic personality in athletes from individual and team sports and in non-athletes.

Vaughan, R., Madigan, D., Carter, G. L., & Nicholls, A. (2019). Psychometric properties of the Short Dark Triad (SD3) in male and female athletes and non-athletes.

Carter, G. L., & Douglass, M. D. (2018). The ageing Narcissus: Just a myth? Narcissism moderates the age-loneliness relationship in older age. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1254.

Carter, G. L., Lyons, M., & Brewer, G. (2018). Lifetime offspring and the Dark Triad. Personality and Individual Differences, 132, 79-83.

Vaughan, R., Carter, G. L., Cockroft, D., & Maggiorini, L. (2018). Harder, better, faster, stronger? Mental toughness, the dark triad and physical activity. Personality and Individual Differences, 131, 206-211.

Brewer, G., Carter, G. L., Lyons, M., & Green, J. (2018). Sensation-seeking in women does not affect their preference for Dark Triad male faces. Personality and Individual Differences, 130, 92-95.

Carter, G. L. (2017). Sex differences in human mate preferences (Buss, 1989). In G. Brewer (Ed.), The Encyclopaedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science.

Carter, G. L. & Fisher, M. L. (2017). Conclusion. In M. L. Fisher (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Women and Competition.

Douglass, M. D. D. & Carter, G. L. (2017) Prostitution. In R. D. Morgan (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopaedia of Criminal Psychology.

Carter, G. L., Campbell, A. C., Muncer, S., & Carter, K. A. (2015). A Mokken analysis of the Dark Triad ‘Dirty Dozen’: Sex and age differences in scale structures, and issues with individual items. Personality and Individual Differences, 83, 185-191.

Jonason, P. K., Baughman, H. M., Carter, G. L., & Parker, P. (2015). Dorian Gray without his portrait: Psychological, social, and physical health costs associated with the Dark Triad. Personality and Individual Differences, 78, 5-13.

Carter, G. L., Montanaro, Z., Linney, C., & Campbell, A. C. (2015). Women’s sexual competition and the Dark Triad. Personality and Individual Differences, 74, 275-279.

Carter, G. L., Campbell, A. C., & Muncer, S. (2014). The Dark Triad: Beyond a ‘male’ mating strategy. Personality and Individual Differences, 56, 159-164.

Carter, G. L., Campbell, A. C., & Muncer, S. (2014). The dark triad personality: Attractiveness to women. Personality and Individual Differences, 56, 57-61.

Conferences:

The Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Newcastle University, UK, 2012;

North-Eastern Evolutionary Psychology Society, Plymouth State University, USA, 2012;

International Society for Human Ethology, University of Vienna, Austria, 2012;

North-Eastern Evolutionary Psychology Society, Lebanon Valley College, USA, 2013;

Canadian Psychological Association, Quebec, Canada, 2013;

North-Eastern Evolutionary Psychology Society, Suffolk University, 2015.

North-Eastern Evolutionary Psychology Society, St Mary's University, Halifax, Canada, 2016;

Human Behaviour and Evolutionary Society, Vancouver, Canada, 2016;

International Society for Human Ethology, Stirling, Scotland, 2016.

Invited guest speaker, Liverpool University, November 2016; November 2017

Invited symposium speaker, International Society for the Study of Individual Differences, Warsaw, Poland, 2017 

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