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Staff Profile

Revd Professor Andrew Village

Professor of Practical and Empirical Theology

My first career was in natural science, studying the ecology of birds of prey. I left in 1989 to train for Anglican ministry, and served as a parish priest until 2004, when I moved to be director of the Centre for Ministry Studies at the University of Wales, Bangor.

My university career continued in 2007 when I moved to York St John University. I partially retired in October 2018, and I have been working at the University two days a week since then.

My background shapes my research interests, and my particular interest has been in the field of Empirical Theology. My research has involved applying the methods of social science (especially quantitative analysis) to the study of religious beliefs and practices, especially in the Anglican Church.

I am the REF Unit of Assessment Lead for Theology & Religious Studies.

Teaching

My teaching is now confined mainly to Postgraduate Researchers on the PhD or Professional Doctorate programmes. The latter includes the Doctor of Ministry and Doctor of Religion awards, where I teach at residential sessions and supervise doctoral theses.

I am currently supervising the following doctoral theses:

  • An exploration into ordained and accredited Baptist ministry in the Baptist Union of Great Britain (PhD from 2015, main supervisor)
  • Theological Poverty or a Richness of Beliefs? Congregational Baptism seen through the lens of Ordinary Theology (PhD from 2016, main supervisor)
  • Can an Appreciative Inquiry approach to collaborative Theological Action Research develop a theological understanding of secular work as part of equipping the scattered church in UK Independent Pentecostal Churches? (DMin from 2020, main supervisor)
  • Exploring the religious experiences, beliefs, attitudes and practices of fringe members of the Church of England (PhD from 2021)
  • An investigation into the impact of same sex relationships and same sex marriage with the Elim Pentecostal Movement on the practice of church discipline (PhD from 2021)
  • Enacting Pioneer Network’s values in relation to mission (DMin from 2022, main supervisor)

Research

My research is in several different areas related to theology (practical theology, congregational studies, ministry studies and Biblical hermeneutics) and the scientific study of religion (psychology of religion and sociology of religion).

Current and recently completed projects include:

COVID-19 and Churches

I have worked on two major surveys during the Coronavirus pandemic: the Coronavirus, Church & You survey, which collected nearly 10,000 responses in 2020, and the Covid-19, Church-21 Survey, which collected over 9,000 responses in 2021. Details on the project webpage.

The Church Times survey

In 2013 I helped to organise a survey published in the Church Times, the main weekly newspaper of the Church of England. The questionnaire included a wide range of items related to beliefs, attitudes and opinions, including opinions of homosexuality and the ordination of women as bishops. The Church of England in the first decade of the 21st Century (Palgrave, 2018) compares the results with a similar survey in 2001 to see how attitudes among clergy and lay people have changed in recent years.

Conservatism in the Church of England

Following a publication on Biblical Conservatism in the Church of England (based on the Church Times survey), I completed a series of papers based on a range of datasets that explore the content and predictors of theological liberalism / conservatism among laity and clergy in the Church of England.

Creationism and the Environment

Surveys of churchgoers in the UK in 2010 and 2015 have led to a number of papers on various aspects of biblical interpretation and the factors promoting environmental concern. Early papers examined the relationship of accepting or rejecting evolution to factors such as personality and education, while more recent work is looking at how beliefs about Creation relate to attitudes towards the environment.

Publications

Books and edited collections

Village, Andrew. (2018). The Church of England in the first decade of the 21st century: The Church Times Surveys. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.

Village, Andrew, & Hood Jr, Ralph W. (Eds.). (2017). Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 28 (Vol. 28). Leiden: Brill.

Village, Andrew, & Hood Jr, Ralph W. (Eds.). (2018). Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 29 (Vol. 29). Leiden: Brill.

Journal articles and book chapters: Main or sole author

Village, Andrew. (2021). Belonging, ethnicity, and homophily in local congregations: A multivariate analysis. In L. J. Francis & D. W. Lankshear (Eds.), The science of congregation studies (pp. 227-251). Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave MacMillan. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-76106-3_11

Village, Andrew. (2021). Predictors of church growth in Southwark Diocese, 2000-2008. In L. J. Francis & D. W. Lankshear (Eds.), The science of congregation studies (pp. 253-268). Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave MacMillan. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-76106-3_12

Village, Andrew. (2021). Stewardship: Solution or problem? Rural Theology, 1-10. doi: 10.1080/14704994.2021.1968643

Village, Andrew. (2021). Testing the factor structure of the Francis Psychological Type Scales (FPTS): A replication among Church of England clergy and laity. Mental Health Religion & Culture, 24, 336-346. doi: 10.1080/13674676.2020.1780575

Village, Andrew. (2020). Psychological and theological predictors of environmental attitudes among a sample of UK churchgoers. Journal of Empirical Theology, 33(2), 220-244. doi: 10.1163/15709256-12341411

Village, Andrew, & Francis, Leslie J. (2021). Churches and faith: Attitude towards church buildings during the 2020 Covid-19 lockdown among churchgoers in England. Ecclesial Practices, 8(2), 216-232. doi: 10.1163/22144417-bja10025

Village, Andrew. (2020). The role of the Bible. In G. D. Chryssides & S. E. Gregg (Eds.), The Bloomsbury Handbook to Studying Christians (pp. 49-63). London and New York: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Village, Andrew, & Francis, Leslie J. (2020). Faith in lockdown: Experiences of rural Church of England clergy and laity during the covid-19 pandemic. Rural Theology, 18(2), 79-86. doi: 10.1080/14704994.2020.1818385

Village, Andrew. (2019). Does higher education change the faith of Anglicans and Methodists preparing for church ministries through a course validated by a UK university? Practical Theology, 12(4), 389-401. doi: 10.1080/1756073X.2019.1635310

Village, Andrew. (2019). Liberalism and conservatism in relation to psychological type among Church of England  clergy. Journal of Empirical Theology, 32(1), 1-17. doi: 10.1163/15709256-12341384

Village, Andrew. (2018). What does the Liberal-Conservative scale measure? A study among clergy and laity in the Church of England. Journal of Empirical Theology, 31(2), 194-216. doi: 10.1163/15709256-12341371

Village, Andrew, & Francis, Leslie J. (2022)). Changes in the psychological wellbeing of Church of England clergy and laity from the first to the third national COVID-19 lockdowns. Journal of Religion and Health.

Village, Andrew, & Francis, Leslie J. (2021). Exploring affect balance: Psychological wellbeing of Church of England clergy and laity during the Covid-19 pandemic. Journal of Religion & Health, 60, 1556–1575. doi: 10.1007/s10943-021-01225-6

Village, Andrew, & Francis, Leslie J. (2021). Shaping attitudes toward church in a time of Coronavirus: Exploring the effects of personal, psychological, social, and theological factors among Church of England clergy and laity. Journal of Empirical Theology, 34(1), 102-128. doi: 10.1163/15709256-12341423

Village, Andrew, & Francis, Leslie J. (2021). Wellbeing and perceptions of receiving support among Church of England clergy during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic. Mental Health Religion & Culture. doi: 10.1080/13674676.2021.1906214

Village, Andrew, Powell, Ruth, & Pepper, Miriam. (2020). Bonding and bridging among first generation Asian migrants in Catholic churches in Australia. In R. W. Hood Jr & S. Cheruvallil-Contractor (Eds.), Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion (Vol. 31, pp. 189-218). Leiden: Brill.

Village, Andrew, & Baker, Sylvia. (2018). Rejecting Darwinian evolution: The effects of education, church tradition, and individual theological stance among UK churchgoers. Review of Religious Research, 60(3), 285-303. doi: 10.1007/s13644-018-0335-8

Village, Andrew, & Muskett, Judith A. (2018). Knowing their people and being known by them:  A changing episcopal role within Accompanied Ministry Development in the Diocese of Truro. Ecclesial Practices.

Village, Andrew, Payne, John V., & Francis, Leslie J. (2018). Testing the balanced affect model of clergy work-related psychological health: Replication among Anglican clergy in Wales. Rural Theology, 16(2), 93-100.

Village, Andrew, & Muskett, Judith A. (2017). Flagships in a sea of unbelief?  Christian affiliation around big church buildings in England. Journal of Contemporary Religion, 32(3), 479-493.

Village, Andrew, Powell, Ruth, & Pepper, Miriam. (2017). Bonding and bridging among first generation Asian migrants in Australian Protestant churches. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 43(11), 1943-1963. doi: 10.1080/1369183X.2016.1240027

Publications as co-author

Journal articles and book chapters: co- author

Francis, Leslie J., Jones, Susan H., & Village, Andrew. (2021). Psychological type and psychological temperament among Readers within the Church of England: a complementary ministry? Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 24(4), 389-403. doi: 10.1080/13674676.2020.1764517

Francis, Leslie J., & Village, Andrew. (2021). Introducing The Index of Balanced Affect Change (TIBACh): A study among Church of England clergy and laity. Mental Health Religion & Culture, 24(8), 770-779. doi: 10.1080/13674676.2021.1923679

Francis, Leslie J., & Village, Andrew. (2021). The pandemic and the feminisation of the Church? How male and female churchgoers experienced the Church of England’s response to Covid-19. Journal of Beliefs & Values, 1-10. doi: 10.1080/13617672.2021.1933304

Francis, Leslie J., & Village, Andrew. (2021). Reading the Church of England’s response to the Covid-19 crisis: The diverging views of Anglo-Catholic and Evangelical clergy. Journal of Anglican Studies, 1-13. doi: 10.1017/S1740355321000267

Francis, Leslie J., & Village, Andrew. (2021). This blessed sacrament of unity? Holy Communion, the pandemic, and the Church of England. Journal of Empirical Theology, 34(1), 87–101. doi: 10.1163/15709256-12341420

Francis, Leslie J., & Village, Andrew. (2021). Viewing the impact of Covid-19 through the eyes of retired clergy. Theology, 124(1), 24-31. doi: 10.1177/0040571X20985698

Francis, Leslie J., Village, Andrew, & Anne Lawson, S. (2021). Increasingly Fragile? Assessing the Cumulative Impact of the Pandemic on Rural Anglican Churches. Rural Theology, 19(2), 72-78. doi: 10.1080/14704994.2021.1980656

Francis, Leslie J., Village, Andrew, & Lewis, Christopher Alan. (2021). Spiritual awakening among Anglican clergy during the pandemic: Exploring the effects of personal factors, personality, church orientation, and religious practice. Духовність особистості: методологія, теорія і практика (Spirituality of Personality: Methodology, Theory and Practice) 101(2(Ч.1)), 234-257. doi: 10.33216/2220-6310-2021-101-2_1-234-257

Francis, Leslie J., Village, Andrew, & Payne, V. John. (2021). Introducing the Francis Owl-Lark Indices (FOLI): assessing the implications of diurnal activity patterns for clergy work-related psychological health. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 24(8), 780-795. doi: 10.1080/13674676.2021.1871595

Francis, Leslie J., Village, Andrew, & Payne, V. John. (2021). Introducing the Francis Owl-Lark Indices (FOLI): assessing the implications of diurnal activity patterns for clergy work-related psychological health. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 24(8), 780-795. doi: 10.1080/13674676.2021.1871595

Francis, Leslie J., Village, Andrew, & Lawson, S. Anne. (2020). Impact of covid-19 on fragile churches: Is the rural situation really different? Rural Theology, 18(2), 72-78. doi: 10.1080/14704994.2020.1818391

Francis, Leslie J., Powell, Ruth, & Village, Andrew. (2020). Mystical experience and emotional wellbeing: a study among Australian church leaders. Journal of Beliefs & Values, 1-5. doi: 10.1080/13617672.2020.1762397

Francis, Leslie J., Village, Andrew, & Voas, David. (2020). Psychological type theory, femininity and the appeal of Anglo-Catholicism: A study among Anglican clergymen in England. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 24(4), 352-365. doi: 10.1080/13674676.2020.1767557

Francis, Leslie J., & Village, Andrew. (2019). Christian ethos secondary schools, parental church attendance and student attitude towards Christianity: Exploring connections in England and Wales. British Journal of Religious Education, Online, 1-15. doi: 10.1080/01416200.2019.1580562

Francis, Leslie J., Village, Andrew, & Voas, David. (2019). The turn toward extraversion: The changing psychological profile of Anglican clergy. Journal of Empirical Theology, 32(1), 89-104. doi: https://doi.org/10.1163/15709256-12341383

Francis, Leslie J., Village, Andrew  , & Powell, Ruth (2019). Quest-religious orientation among church leaders in Australia: A function of psychological predisposition or openness to mystical experience? Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 11(2), 123-130. doi: 10.1037/rel0000125

Francis, Leslie J., Village, Andrew, & Voas, David. (2018). Stress levels among Anglican clergy: The beneficial effects of feeling supported. Journal of Empirical Theology, 31(2), 265-287. doi: 10.1163/15709256-12341374

Francis, Leslie J., & Village, Andrew. (2017). Psychological type and reported religious experience: an empirical enquiry among Anglican clergy and laity. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 20(4), 367-383. doi: 10.1080/13674676.2017.1328404

Francis, Leslie J., Village, Andrew, McKenna, Ursula, & Penny, Gemma. (2017). Freedom of religion and freedom of religious clothing and symbols in school : exploring the impact of church schools in a religiously diverse society. In H.-G. Ziebertz & C. Sterkens (Eds.), The legitimization of civil human rights on the grounds of human dignity and religious considerations: empirical research and theoretical reflections  (pp. in Press). Leiden: Brill.

Francis, Leslie J., Village, Andrew, & Parker, Stephen G. (2017). Exploring the trajectory of personal, moral and spiritual values of 16- to 18-year-old students taking religious studies at A level in the UK. Journal of Beliefs & Values, 38(1), 18-31. doi: 10.1080/13617672.2016.1232567

Professional Activity

Professional Memberships

  • Religious Research Association (RRA)
  • Society for the Scientific Study of Religion (SSSR)

Editorships

  • Editor, Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion (until 2018)
  • Editorial Board: Rural Theology, Journal of Beliefs and Values

Conferences (where presentations delivered)

SSSR/RRA annual conference, Las Vegas, October 2018

SSSR/RRA annual conference, Washington DC, October 2017

ISSR Biennial conference, Lausanne, 3-7 July 2017

New Perspectives on Science and Religion in Society (Manchester 29 June – 1 July 2017)

ISERT Biennial conference, Amsterdam June 2016

SSSR/RRA annual conference, Atlanta 28-30 October 2016

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