Professor Christopher J Hall
Professor of Applied Linguistics
BA (Newcastle), MA (York), PhD (Southern California), FHEA
I started my life in linguistics at Newcastle University as a student of English Language and subsequently did an MA in Language at the University of York. After completing my PhD in linguistics at USC in Los Angeles in 1987, I moved south to Mexico, where I lived and worked for 20 years. During my time at the Universidad de las Américas Puebla (UDLAP), I developed with Peter Ecke an influential model of second and third language vocabulary learning (the Parasitic Model). I also taught in the MA in Applied Linguistics and served as Head of the Department of Languages and Director of Research and Postgraduate Studies for the School of Humanities.
In 2007 I joined the subject area of Languages and Linguistics at York St John University, where I conduct research on Global Englishes, teach at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels, and supervise postgraduate researchers. I’m especially interested in social and cognitive perspectives on English as an international language and the broader issue of how language and languages are conceptualised by general and applied linguists, teachers, and laypeople. I’ve (co-)authored and (co-)edited several books, including Ontologies of English (CUP, 2020), which was shortlisted for the 2021 BAAL Book Prize. With Rachel Wicaksono, my co-editor on that volume, I also co-created the open-access Changing Englishes online course for teachers at www.changingenglishes.online.
I teach Psycholinguistics to languages and linguistics students at the undergraduate level, and Language Myths for students in the MA programmes in TESOL and Language & Social Justice.
Before joining York St John University, I conducted empirical research on the development of the L2 and L3 mental lexicon, with Peter Ecke (University of Arizona). This led to the development of the Parasitic Model of vocabulary learning, which continues to be influential in studies of cross-linguistic influence in Second Language Acquisition.
At York St John University I have shifted my attention to the broader social and cognitive status of non-native Englishes, approaching the issues from the perspectives of Usage-Based Linguistics and Global Englishes. Aside from several theoretical and conceptual papers, I’ve worked over the past few years on a couple of corpus-based analyses and a series of more qualitative studies. Most recently I have worked with colleagues in Germany and China on a project concerned with how to trigger reconceptualisations of English in trainee English teachers. This project was supported by the Applying Linguistics fund of the British Association for Applied Linguistics
Publications and Conferences
Cunningham, C. and Hall, C. J. (Eds) (2021). Vulnerabilities, challenges and risks in applied linguistics. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Hall, C. J. and Wicaksono, R. (Eds) (2020). Ontologies of English. Conceptualising the language for learning, teaching, and assessment.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hall, C. J. and Wicaksono, R. (2020). Changing Englishes: An interactive course for teachers (v.02.2). Online at: www.changingenglishes.online.
Hall, C. J., Smith. P. H. and Wicaksono, R. (2017). Mapping applied linguistics. A guide for students and practitioners (2nd edn). London and New York: Routledge.
Merrison, A. J., Griffiths, P., Bloomer, A. and Hall, C. J. (2014). Introducing language in use (2nd edn). London and New York: Routledge.
Hall, C. J., Smith. P. H. & Wicaksono, R. (2011). Mapping applied linguistics. A guide for students and practitioners. London and New York: Routledge.
Hall, C. J. (2005). An introduction to language and linguistics. Breaking the language spell. London and New York: Continuum.
Hall, C. J. (1992). Morphology and mind. A unified approach to explanation in linguistics. London and New York: Routledge. [Re-issued 2014 in the Routledge Library Editions: Linguistics series.]
Recent articles and book chapters
Hall, C. J. (forthcoming). English as a Lingua Franca as an expression of linguistic diversity: a cognitive perspective. In Mertins, B. and Delucchi, R. (eds), Diversity in Cognition. Bern: Peter Lang.
Ecke, P. and Hall, C. J. (2021). Bilingual aspects of the Ontogenesis Model: Parasitic connections at all levels of representation? (Commentary on Bordag et al., 2021). Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. https://doi.org/10.1017/ S1366728921000675.
Hall, C. J. (2021). Incorporating ontological reflection into teacher education about English for global learners. A rationale and some guiding principles. In Bayyurt, Y. (ed.), Bloomsbury World Englishes, Volume 3: Pedagogies (pp. 11-26). London: Bloomsbury.
Ecke, P. and Hall, C. J. (2021). The Parasitic Model: Lexical acquisition and its impact on morphosyntactic transfer (Commentary on Schwartz and Sprouse, 2021). Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism. http://doi.org/10.1075/lab.20088.eck.
Hall, C. J. and Cunningham, C. (2020). Educators’ beliefs about English and languages beyond English: from ideology to ontology and back again. Linguistics and Education, 57, 1-14.
Hall, C. J. (2020). An ontological framework for English. In Hall, C. J. and Wicaksono, R. (eds), Ontologies of English. Conceptualising the language for learning, teaching, and assessment (pp. 13-36). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wicaksono, R. and Hall, C. J. (2020). Using ontologies of English. In Hall, C. J. and Wicaksono, R. (eds), Ontologies of English. Conceptualising the language for learning, teaching, and assessment (pp. 368-375). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hall, C. J. and Wicaksono, R. (2020). Approaching ontologies of English. In Hall, C. J. and Wicaksono, R. (eds), Ontologies of English. Conceptualising the language for learning, teaching, and assessment (pp. 3-12). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hall, C. J. (2018). The psycholinguistics of English. In Seargeant, P., Hewings, A. and Pihlaja, S. (eds). Routledge handbook of English Language Studies (pp. 406-419). London: Routledge.
Hall, C. J. (2018). Cognitive perspectives on English as a Lingua Franca. In Jenkins, J., Baker, W. and Dewey, M. (eds). Routledge handbook of English as a Lingua Franca (pp. 74-84). London: Routledge.
Hall, C. J., Joyce, J. and Robson, C. (2017). Investigating the lexico-grammatical resources of a non-native user of English: the case of can and could in email requests. Applied Linguistics Review, 8, 1, 35-59.
Hall, C. J., Wicaksono, R., Liu, S., Qian, Y. and Xu, X. (2017). Exploring teachers’ ontologies of English. Monolithic conceptions of grammar in a group of Chinese teachers. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 27, 1, 87-109.
Publications and Conferences continued
Recent talks and conference papers
- Modelling plurilithic orientations to English with trainee teachers: A comparative international study. Applied Linguistics Seminar Series, University of Warwick, December 2021 (Invited lecture, online); TESOL Seminar Series, University of Central Lancashire, March 2022 (Invited lecture, online); HL2C/SLLAT Seminar Series, Lancaster University, May 2022 (Invited lecture, online).
- Modelling plurilithic orientations to English with trainee teachers: Preliminary findings from a comparative international study (with Alice Gruber and Yuan Qian). British Association of Applied Linguistics Annual Conference, Northumbria University, September 2021 (online).
- The ideological and ontological beliefs of EAL educators (Invited lecture, with Clare Cunningham, online). English Department Seminar Series, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, October 2021.
- The ideological and ontological beliefs of EAL educators: a social justice perspective (with Clare Cunningham, online). Language Education for Social Justice Virtual Conference, University of Jyväskylä, Finland, June 2021.
- Atrás del pizarrón en la enseñanza del inglés. Enfrentando nuestras creencias ontológicas y ideológicas (‘Behind the blackboard in ELT. Confronting our ontological and ideological beliefs’) (Plenary, online). Applied Linguistics Programme 10th Anniversary Conference, University of Nayarit, Mexico, December 2020.
- Behind the blackboard in ELT. Confronting our ontological and ideological beliefs (Plenary, online). III Virtual Forum on Research in English Language Teaching, University of Veracruz, Mexico, November 2020.
- English as a Lingua Franca as an expression of linguistic diversity: a cognitive perspective (Keynote). Conference on Diversity in Cognition, TU University Dortmund, Germany, February 2020.
- Analysing teachers’ ontologies of English: prospects for teacher education. British Association of Applied Linguistics Annual Conference, Manchester Metropolitan University, August 2019.
- The many meanings of English: An ontological framework for Applied English Linguistics. University of Huddersfield, November 2018 (Invited lecture); Bonn Applied English Linguistics Conference, University of Bonn, Germany, May 2018 (Keynote).
- English in applied linguistics: An ontological framework. Annual Conference of the American Association for Applied Linguistics, Portland, USA, March 2017.
I'm a life member and former Executive Committee member of the British Association for Applied Linguistics. From 2013 to 2022 I was Reviews Editor for BAAL News. In 2018 I was co-chair of the local organising committee for the BAAL Annual Meeting at YSJ.
In 2015 I served as a member of the National QAA Linguistics Subject Benchmark Statement Review Group.
I have peer-reviewed articles for the following journals: Applied Linguistics; Arab Journal for the Humanities; Bilingualism: Language and Cognition; Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory; International Journal of Multilingualism; Journal of English as a Lingua Franca; Journal of Pragmatics; Language and Cognitive Processes; Language Awareness; Language Learning; Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism; Linguistics and Education; Studies in Language.
I have reviewed book proposals or new editions for the following publishers: Blackwell-Wiley (New York); British Academy (London); BUAP University Press (Puebla, Mexico); Cambridge University Press; Cengage-AAUSC (Boston); Palgrave- MacMillan (London); Peter Lang (New York); Psychology Press (Hove); Routledge (London); Routledge (New York).