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Library - Research Support

Open Access

Our policy and approach to open access research outputs.

Open Access (OA) offers free and unrestricted access to research outputs. Anyone can read, download and reuse research (subject to any licence restrictions). You can choose to publish your own research so that it is OA.

Types of Open Access

There are several types of OA:

  • Green OA – where a version of a research output is made available free of charge to readers, often through an online repository and usually with an embargo period.
  • Gold OA – where published research outputs are made available immediately and free of charge to readers with opportunities to reuse the research according to any licence applied to the work. In return the author or their institution are usually (but not always) required to pay an article processing charge (APC) to the publisher.
  • Diamond OA – neither author or readers pay any charge and research outputs are published, made available immediately and can be reused according to the licence applied to the work.
  • Bronze OA – where published research outputs are free to read and download but are not licenced for reuse. Publishers may withdraw access to research at any time.

Open Access at York St John University

York St John University supports the principle of OA and where possible will follow the Green or Diamond OA routes.

The University OA policy applies to all staff and research students who produce research outputs.

We ask staff to deposit all research outputs (including journal articles, conference proceedings, book chapters, physical artefacts, exhibitions and performances) into the University’s institutional repository, RaY, with bibliographic metadata and post prints/author accepted manuscripts of research outputs, subject to publisher copyright permissions.

Open Access Policy

REF and Open Access

UK higher education funding bodies believe that research outputs should be freely and widely available. For REF 2021, the final peer-reviewed manuscripts of articles and published conference proceedings had to be deposited in an institutional or subject OA repository and made publicly available within a prescribed time.

Decisions about a future REF OA policy will be made by the UK HE funding bodies based on consultation with the sector and evaluation of OA in REF 2021. However, any REF OA Policy will be similar to the UKRI OA Policy and if you are compliant with the UKRI OA policy, you will be compliant with the REF OA policy. The scope of the REF OA policy will be broader than the UKRI OA Policy.

For further information, please email RaY (

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