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Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health (PAtCH)

The Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health (PAtCH) research group is based in the School of Science, Technology and Health and is led by Dr Sophie Carter.

The research group has a broad interest in examining how physical activity and exercise training can promote and maintain cardiovascular health.

The group are also interested in understanding how being inactive and engaging in sedentary behaviours influences cardiovascular health.

Previous research by members of the group has examined the effects of reducing sedentary time on brain blood flow, the influence of exercise training and ageing on the structure and function of the heart, and the influence of exercise on vascular and cognitive function in older adults. Their research has involved working with a range of populations and organisations, including the NHS and the Home Office, and with national and international collaborators.

The group has published in leading international journals such as Journal of Applied Physiology, European Journal of Applied Physiology, Sports Medicine and Exercise and Sports Sciences Reviews. Their work has also been disseminated at national and international conferences such as American College of Sports Medicine and European College of Sport Science and has received international media coverage (for example, The New York Times).

Get in touch

We invite enquiries regarding group activities and research opportunities to contact the Group Director, Dr Sophie Carter:

Research activity

Carter, S.E., Beaumont, A.J. and Sorbie, G. (2023) Physical activity accrued whilst golf caddying. International Journal of Golf Science.

Campbell, A., Beaumont, A., Hayes, L., Herbert, P., Gardner, D., Ritchie, L. and Sculthorpe, N. (2023) Habitual exercise influences carotid artery strain and strain rate, but not cognitive function in healthy middle-aged females. European Journal of Applied Physiology, doi: 10.1007/s00421-022-05123-x.

Unnithan, V., Beaumont, A., Rowland, T., George, K., Sculthorpe, N., Lord, R., Bakhshi, A. and Oxborough, D. (2022) Left Ventricular Responses during Exercise in Highly Trained Youth Athletes: Echocardiographic Insights on Function and Adaptation. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease and Development, doi: 10.3390/jcdd9120438.

Sorbie, G.G., Beaumont, A.J., Williams, A.K. and Lavallee, D. (2022) Golf and Physical Health: A Systematic Review. Sports Medicine, doi: 10.1007/s40279-022-01732-w.

Brislane, A., Sculthorpe, N., Davenport, M., and Beaumont, A. (2022) Exercise training and vascular function in post-menopausal individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Menopause, doi: 10.1097/GME.0000000000002000.

Mair J.L., Hayes L.D., Campbell A.K., Buchan D.S., Easton C., and Sculthorpe N. (2022). A personalised smartphone-delivered just-in-time adaptive intervention (JITABug) to increase physical activity in older adults: Feasibility pilot study. JMIR Formative Research, doi:10.2196/34662

Unnithan, V.B., Rowland, T., George, K., Bakhshi, A., Beaumont, A., Sculthorpe, N., Lord, R.N. and Oxborough, D.L. (2022) Effect of long-term soccer training on changes in cardiac function during exercise in elite youth soccer players. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, doi:10.1111/sms.14140

Campbell A.K., Williamson C.E., Macgregor L.J., and Hamilton D.L. (2021). Elevated arousal following acute ammonia inhalation is not associated with increased neuromuscular performance. European Journal of Sport Science, doi:10.1080/17461391.2021.1953150

Carter, S.E., Draijer, R., Stewart, C.E., Moss, A.D., Thijssen, D.H.J. and Hopkins, N.D. (2021). Are acute sitting-induced changes in inflammation and cerebrovascular function related to impaired mood and cognition? Sport Sciences for Health, doi:10.1007/s11332-021-00753-8

Dunstan, D.W., Dogra, S., Carter S.E. and Owen, N. (2021) Sit less and move more for cardiovascular health emerging insights and opportunities. Nature Reviews Cardiology, doi:10.1038/s41569-021-00547-y

Herbert, P., Hayes, L.D., Beaumont, A.J., Grace, F.M. and Sculthorpe, N.F. (2021) Six weeks of high intensity interval training (HIIT) facilitates a four year preservation of aerobic capacity in sedentary older males: A reunion study. Experimental Gerontology, doi:10.1016/j.exger.2021.111373

Mair J.L., Hayes L.D., Campbell A.K., and Sculthorpe N. (2021). Should we use activity tracker data from smartphones and wearables to understand population physical activity patterns? Journal for the Measurement of Physical Behaviour, doi:10.1123/jmpb.2021-0012

Roberts, K.A., Draijer, R., Hopkins, N.D., de Graaf, Y., Holder, S.M., Carter, S.E., Thijssen, D.H.J. and Low, D.A. (2021). Impact of green tea on the deleterious cardiometabolic effects of 7-days unhealthy lifestyle in young healthy males. Physiological Reports, doi:10.14814/phy2.14720

Sorbie, G.G., Beaumont, A.J., Williams, A.K., Glen, J., Hardie, S.M. and Lavallee, D. (2021) The impact of the closure and reopening of golf courses in the United Kingdom on wellbeing during the COVID-19 pandemic: a multi-study approach. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, doi:10.3389/fspor.2021.622171

Sorbie, G., Lavallee, D. and Beaumont, A. (2021) NPS0085 - National Plan for Sport and Recreation. UK Gov.

Unnithan, V.B., Beaumont, A., Rowland, T.W., Sculthorpe, N., George, K., Lord, R. and Oxborough, D. (2021) The influence of training status on right ventricular morphology and segmental strain in elite pre-adolescent soccer players. European Journal of Applied Physiology, doi:10.1007/s00421-021-04634-3

  • Workplace health and menopause
  • Physical activity amongst autistic adults
  • Cardiovascular function of female soccer players and controls
  • Physical health in golfers and golf caddies
  • Vascular function in endurance athletes

Group members

A staff profile image of Sophie Carter

Dr Sophie Carter

Group Director, Senior Lecturer

A staff profile image of Alex Beaumont

Dr Alex Beaumont


A staff profile image of Amy Campbell

Dr Amy Campbell


Zoe Dawson

Postgraduate researcher

Physical activity and sedentary behaviour in osteoarthritis

Lucy Lendhill

Postgraduate researcher

Heading and cerebral blood flow alterations in soccer players

Jillian Webster

Clinical Research Fellow

Physical activity in patients with Familial Hypercholesterolaemia

Clare Jemmett

Clinical Research Fellow

Pre- and inter-conception physical activity and diet and maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes