Referencing is a way of acknowledging that you have used the ideas and work belonging to someone else. It demonstrates that you have undertaken an appropriate literature search and carried out appropriate use of sources.
There are three types of referencing support and tools available which you can progress through as you learn and develop your skills:
Referencing guides help you to understand and learn the rules of referencing by giving you clear instructions on how to build references for the different sources you have consulted, and how to build them into a reference list (or bibliography). Referencing guides also show you how to acknowledge these references by citing them within your work.
At York St John University, there are five referencing styles in use – which style you use will depend on the course you're studying.
The styles we use are:
- APA 6th edition
- APA 7th edition
- MLA 8th edition
- OSCOLA (4th edition)
Once you understand how to reference, you can use a referencing tool to help you collect references as you use them and then create a reference list (or bibliography) that you can insert at the end of your work.
The quick referencing tool we recommend is ZoteroBib. In ZoteroBib, you can:
- create references simply by entering an ISBN, URL, DOI or title;
- see your references formatted in the correct style by searching for and choosing your Referencing Style from the drop-down menu;
- add references to build your reference list (or bibliography) and then copy it into the end of your assignment;
- create a URL to the reference list so you can come back to it later and continue editing it
Important: ZoteroBib is a quick tool and will not save your references unless you click ‘Create’ under ‘Link to this version’ at the bottom of the page. This gives you a unique link to go back to your reference list. If you do not save them using this feature, you will not be able to go back to them later.
For longer-term projects like dissertations or to manage lots of references, you can use a reference management tool. These help you store references, create bibliographies, and manage large sets of references for projects like systematic reviews.
Reference management tools available are:
- EndNote (for staff and researchers)
Which reference management tool you choose will depend on what you need. More information about each tool is available on our Reference Management Tools page.
The purpose of the University's Referencing Policy is to provide clear guidance for students and staff on the approaches to referencing used by York St John University. To view our Referencing Policy, please download the document using the link below.