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Study skills

Referencing guides

Referencing guides help you to understand and learn the rules of referencing by giving you clear instructions on how to build references for the different sources you have consulted, and how to build them into a reference list (or bibliography).

Referencing guides also show you how to acknowledge these references by citing them in your work.

The style you will be using should be clearly stated by your course so check your programme and module documentation. Students whose courses contain modules from different subject areas (such as Joint Honours) are permitted to use a single style throughout your degree, where your subjects would normally use differing styles. Please see the Referencing Policy (Word document, 28kB), your Academic Liaison Librarian, or your tutor.


Harvard is the most commonly used style here at York St John University. If you use Harvard, you will use either Cite Them Right Online Harvard or YSJ Harvard, depending on when you started your first year.

2019 entry onwards

Pre-Summer 2019 entry only


APA is the referencing style for the American Psychological Association. Two editions, 6th and 7th, are in use at York St John University; consult your module tutor or your academic liaison librarian if you're unsure of which to use.

6th edition

7th edition

MLA, 8th edition

MLA 8th edition is the referencing style of the Modern Language Association.

MHRA, 3rd edition

MHRA is the style of the Modern Humanities Research Association.

OSCOLA, 4th edition

OSCOLA 4th edition is The Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities.

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